3 edition of Eastern Europe as a source of high-technology imports for Soviet economic modernization found in the catalog.
Eastern Europe as a source of high-technology imports for Soviet economic modernization
Steven W. Popper
|Statement||Steven W. Popper.|
|Contributions||Rand Corporation., United States. Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.|
|LC Classifications||HC340.T4 P645 1991|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||70 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||70|
|LC Control Number||91209365|
ON EASTERN EUROPE Within Soviet studies, the analysis of the second economy commenced a dec-ade ago with the seminal articles by Simes, Katsenelinboigen, and especially Grossman.6 A recent bibliography on the Soviet/East European second econ-omy now lists over items.7 A major collection has been edited by Grossman, and the Hungarian. technology transfer was the import of for-eign machinery. Its role in the modernization process was considerable: in , only 55 percent of the ruble value of all machinery sold in Russia was of domestic origin, and imports of agricultural machinery increased from 6 million to 50 million rubles from to Foreign investment in the.
Since , it has been deceptively easy to define Eastern Europe in terms of Soviet Communist domination. By this method, Eastern Europe is synonymous with the "satellites" set up by Stalin after the Second World War: it is the region on the far side of the Iron Curtain. This guide offers a review of the literature in the collections of the Library of Congress on the state of the environment in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Although only English-language sources are listed, references to materials in other languages can also be traced by means of the subject headings provided on the following page.
The economy of Bulgaria functions on the principles of the free market, having a large private sector and a smaller public one. Bulgaria is an industrialised upper-middle-income country according to the World Bank, and is a member of the European Union (EU), World Trade Organization (WTO), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and Organization of the Black Sea Economic. Currently, Eastern Europe provides over two-thirds of Soviet equipment imports and is the largest foreign supplier of machine tools, computers, and eJcctronics Although additions to capacity over the next few year* shook) allow Eastern Europe to increase its exports of sorne rypes ot machinery to the USSRe^ciaBy ma chine tooh from East.
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Four commodities were examined to determine how high-technology exports to the Soviet Union from Eastern Europe were affected by the Program: machine tool equipment; computer equipment; filtration apparatus, centrifuges, and pumps for nonliquids; and steel pipe.
According to Soviet data, in imports provided one-third of. This report assesses the potential for Eastern Europe to provide the high-technology products necessary to further the modernization of the Soviet economy. It examines both traditional trade in high-technology products as well as recent measures to encourage integrated and cooperative technology development within the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA).
Get this from a library. Eastern Europe as a source of high-technology imports for Soviet economic modernization. [Steven W Popper; Rand Corporation.; United States. Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.].
Eastern Europe one of the prinrruy features of his industrial modernization pr0gram-a key element of his strategy to revitalize the Soviet economy. The program he has outlined aims at bringing the auality of Soviet products and the efficiency of Soviet industry up to world standards by the year u)o.
This is to be. Eastern Europe as a Source of High-Technology Imports for Soviet Economic Modernization Science and technology in Eastern Europe after the flood: rejoining the world Western Governmental Assistance to Eastern Europe: The First Steps This report assesses the potential for Eastern Europe to provide the high-technology products necessary to further the modernization of the Soviet economy.
Integration: Eastern Europe and the European Economic Communities DAVID KENNEDY* DAVID E. WEBB** of economic modernization. This article considers some of the more Poland and the Soviet Union (USSR) in and East Germany and Bulgaria in 8.
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, opened for signature Oct. 30,The economy of the Soviet Union was based on state ownership of the means of production, collective farming, and industrial highly centralized Soviet-type economic planning was managed by the administrative-command Soviet economy was characterized by state control of investment, a dependence on natural resources, shortages, public ownership of industrial.
Start studying AP European History Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary were the most successful Eastern European nations at economic modernization because. Chapter 26 Book Quiz 50 Terms.
ally_sanroman. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. While the lack of open markets providing price signals and incentives to direct economic activity led to waste and economic inefficiencies, the Soviet.
The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the global economy provides a comprehensive understanding of the international dimensions and domestic constraints of changing East-West economic relations.
It will be widely read by students and specialists of Soviet and East European. When the Soviet Union collapsed inall the Soviet Republics bordering Eastern Europe declared independence from Russia and united with the rest of Europe.
The transition Eastern Europe has experienced in the last few decades has not been easy; however, most of the countries are now looking to Western Europe for trade and economic development.
ening economic conditions, paralyzing strikes and violent unrest on the Soviet periphery. If his reforms fail, a conser vative backlash could lead to renewed repression within the U.S.S.R. and Eastern Europe and a more dangerous period in U.S.-Soviet relations.
How should the U.S. respond to the changes in the Soviet Union and East. title: eastern europe: exports of machinery and equipment to the ussr subject: eastern europe: exports of machinery and equipment to the ussr keywords. Alexander Solzhenitsyn's indictment of the Soviet system was in his critical book.
The accord that recognized all central and eastern European borders that had been established since the end of World War II, and committed the signers to the human rights of its citizens, was the The founding of the European Economic Community (EEC).
The Economic Modernization of Uzbekistan Mamuka Tsereteli. Silk Road Paper April,pp. Uzbekistan was the best-performing of all Soviet successor states in the s, despite its rejection of the rapid reforms recommended by International Financial Institutions: by the end of the decade it was the first Soviet successor state to.
Additionally, the Eastern European states were integrated into the centrally controlled command economy of the Soviet Union, and external trade with Western Europe. In this book Anthony Heywood reassesses Bolshevik attitudes toward economic modernization and foreign economic relations during the early Soviet period.
Based on hitherto unused Russian and Western archives, the book examines an extraordinary decision made in March to import vast quantities of railway equipment in order to achieve rapid.
Europe - Europe - Economy: Europe was the first of the major world regions to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, industrial development, and the provision of specialized services.
Its successful modernization can be traced to the continent’s rich endowment of economic resources, its history of innovations, the evolution of a skilled and educated labour force, and the.
'Red Globalization is an interesting and high-quality scholarly work drawing on Soviet history, Cold War studies, and international political economics.
It invites ties to several other disciplines, including Soviet economic history, which has not been the focus of recent international scholarship.' Sari Autio-Sarasmo Source: Slavic Review. Allied Occupation of Germany and Austria.
Continental Europe emerged from German domination inshattered and transformed. After the German surrender, Great Britain, the United States, France, and the Soviet Union divided Germany and Austria into four occupation zones, each to be administered by one of the victorious powers.effectiveness in improving Soviet economic performance.
Moreover, Eastern Europe acted as a brake on the full realization of Soviet-West European economic ties because of the USSR's need, for political reasons, to supply Eastern Europe with cheap, soft-currency energy supplies that it could have sold for hard currency in the West.
9.The uneasy alliance between Soviet Russia and the West during World War II gave way after to a diplomatic, political, and economic confrontation between the democratic, capitalist states of Western Europe allied with the United States and the communist bloc of Eastern Europe dominated by the Soviet Union (also known as the Union of Soviet.